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翡翠原石五大特征!

2017-12-03 01:28翡翠资讯 人已查看

FEICUIYUANSHIWUDATEZHENG(FEICUIYUANSHI FEICUIYUANLIAO FEICUIPIQIAO FEICUILVSE)FEICUIYUANSHIFENWEIYUANSHENGKUANGHECISHENGKUANGLIANGZHONG。QIZHONGYUANSHENGKUANGYOUKECHENGWEIXINKENGWUPISHI;CISHENGKUANGSHIZHIFEICUIYUANSHICHENGKUANGHOUJINGGUOZHANGQIFENGHUAZUOYONG,YUGEZHONGWAIJIEYINGLIZUOYONGXINGCHENGDEXINGZHUANGGEYI,DAIPIDEFEICUIYUANLIAO。

精准平特一肖论坛FEICUIYUANSHICHANGYOUYICENGFENGHUAQIAO。YOUYUFENGHUAQIAODECUNZAI,YIZHIWUFAGUANCHADAOFEICUINEIBU。ERDUIFEICUIYUANSHIDEJIANDINGZEZHUYAOSHITONGGUOGUANCHAFENGHUAQIAOBIAOMIANCHUXIANDEGEZHONGXIANXIANG,TUIDUANGAIFEICUIYUANSHINEIBUZHILIANGDEYOULIE。ZAIFEICUIYUANSHIBIAOMIANCHANGCHUXIANYIXIAXIANXIANG。

(YI)PIQIAO

绝大多数翡翠原石有风化壳,即翡翠原石在地质搬运过程中经风化作用形成的产物,称为“皮壳”。如果皮壳比较粗糙、有沙粒感的翡翠原石,称为砂皮石。根据砂皮的颜色可分为:白砂皮、黄砂皮、铁砂皮、黑乌砂皮等。其中白砂皮翡翠内部往往没有颜色,如果有也是淡淡的绿色或紫色,但一般透明度较好;黄砂皮翡翠原石内部可能有较多的绿色,但多数颜色不均匀,有时也可能有较浓艳的色根精准平特一肖论坛,一般认为铁砂皮的皮壳很薄,内部品质较好,可出高档料;黑乌砂皮为颜色较深的黑色、绿色,一般认为内部会有较深的绿色部分,甚至可出现满绿的翡翠,但是黑乌砂皮翡翠原石变化非常大,有的里面绿中带黑点、有的里面是很干的绿、有的里面绿很脏;石灰皮呈灰白色,皮较软,可用铁刷子刷掉石灰皮层,多数是高岭土化所致,内部一般种质较好。此外,还有经过水的冲刷,外皮光滑,手摸上去没有砂的感觉,很细腻的水石皮。这种皮很薄,颜色也有多种,有褐色、青色、淡黄色等。由于水皮石的皮很薄,强光可以透过,较容易判断里面的情况。水皮石的翡翠一般都经过较长距离的搬运,较致密、细腻的部分保留下来了,所以一般品质较好。总之,可根据翡翠皮壳的颜色、致密程度、光润程度、厚薄等,推断翡翠内部颜色、透明度、净度、结构等优劣程度。

(ER)SONGHUA

精准平特一肖论坛“SONGHUA”SHIZHIFEICUIPIQIAOSHANGLVSEDEBIAOXIAN,YEJIUSHIFEICUINEIBUHUOQIANCENGLVSEZAIPIQIAOBIAOMIANDEYIZHONGBIAOXIAN。YOUYUZHISELIZIDEZHONGLEI、NONGDUHEKONGJIANFENBUZAIYIDINGDECHENGKUANGSHIJIANHEKONGJIANSHIXIANGDUIWENDINGDE,SUOYIGENJUSONGHUAYANSEDENONGDAN、SHULIANGDEDUOSHAO、XINGTAIDEBIANHUA,KEYITUIDUANFEICUINEIBUYANSEDEBIANHUAHEFENBU。RUGUOSONGHUADEYANSENONGERXIANYAN,JIAZHIJIUHUIGAO;RUGUOFEICUIPIQIAOSHANGMEIYOUSONGHUA,NEIBUKENENGHENSHAOHUIYOUSE;ERPIQIAOSHANGDUOCHUYOUSONGHUA,ZENEIBUKENENGCUNZAIYANSEHUOZHEJINJINCUNZAIYUBIAOCENG。LINGWAI,SONGHUASHIFOUSHENRUFEICUINEIBU,SHENTOUDESHENDUDENG,YESHITUIDUANYANSEHAOHUAIDEYIJUZHIYI。

(SAN)MANG

“蟒”是描述翡翠原料的术语,是指翡翠中的绿色条带在风化壳的表现形态。一般呈凸起的曲折细脉状分布在风化壳表面,犹如一条蟒蛇盘卷,是判断有无颜色及颜色分布状态的一种依据。翡翠的成岩成矿有着不同的世代,形成了结构、成分上的差异,这就导致了硬度不同,在风化过程中产生差异风化。一般细粒致密结构比粗粒疏松结构抗风化能力强,绿色部分比无色部分抗风化能力强,所以与无色、浅色粗粒疏松结构的基底相比是细粒结构的绿色部分凸出来,形成蟒带。翡翠的绿色条带多是成岩期后改造的结果,成岩期后改造首先是在应力作用下硬玉精准平特一肖论坛岩变形、破裂,而后含致色离子的热液侵入,进行离子交代,形成绿色条带。所以说有色条带多是变形破裂带,而这一破裂带又继续在应力和热液作用下发生了揉皱和重结晶,形成了一条结构致密的弯曲翡翠色带,反映在风化壳上。蟒带的形态、颜色、走向、倾向是判断翡翠绿色变化的重要标志。(四)癣

“XUAN”SHIZHIZAIFEICUIYUANLIAOPIQIAOBIAOMIANSHANGCHUXIANDAXIAOBUTONG、XINGZHUANGGEYI,CHENGHEISE、SHENLVSEHUOHUISEDEYINJI。SHIYIZHONGYUFEICUILVSEYOUGUANLIANDEBIAOXIANTEZHENG,SHIGELIZIDETIGONGZHE,SUCHENG“XUANCHILV”HUO“LVSUIHEIZOU”。XUANDEZHUYAOKUANGWUCHENGFENSHIJIANXINGJIAOSHANSHI,TONGCHANGCHENGZHUZHUANG、XIANWEIZHUANGJIHETI,CHENGDIANLANSE、LANHEISE,WANGWANGWEIRAOHUISHI、YOUQIDUIYINGYUCHENGBIANYUANJIAODAIHUOWANQUANJIAODAI,YUPIQIAOZHOUWEIDEWUZHIYOUMINGXIANDEYANSEBIANHUA。RUGUOZAIYIGEMIANSHANGCHUXIANYOUDALIANGDEPIANZHUANGXUAN,ERLINGYIGEMIANSHANGYOUDALIANGDEDIANZHUANGXUAN,NEIMENEIBUKENENGHANYOUTAIDUODEYANGQISHIDENGCHANSHENGXUANDEKUANGWU;RUGUOYOUYIXIEXUANJINJINZAIYIGEMIANSHANGYOUBIAOXIAN,ERQIEDOUSHIPIANZHUANGXUANJIUYOUKENENGJINJINZAIBIAOMIANYOUYIDIAN“ZANG”,BUHUICHANSHENGHENDAYINGXIANG;RUGUOZAIERGEMIANSHENZHISANGEMIANSHANGYOUXUANSHI,YOUKENENGNEIBUHENZANG。(WU)WU

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精准平特一肖论坛HAIYOUYIKUAISHI08NIAN10YUEGONGPANSHANGCHUXIANDEMUNEISHI,5228HAO,5QIANKE,60WANOUYUAN,BAOLIUJIASHI12WANOUYUANQIANKE,BI5431DEDANJIA6.9WANOUYUANGAOLEHENDUO。ZHEISHIDIANXINGDEIIIQIFEICUI,XIANSHICHULVSEDEMANGDAI。DANZHEIGESHITOUDUXINGHENDA,ANCHANGGUITUILI,ZHEIGEDAIZIKENDINGZAILIMIANLIANCHENGYITI,NEIMELVSEBUFENYINGGAIBUCHAOGUO500KE,JIUSUANYOU500KE,YEJIUSHISHUODANJIACHAOGUO1200WANYUANRENMINBIYIQIANKE,KEYIXIANGXIANG,RUGUOYAOTOUDAOZHEIJIANSHITOU,ZHISHAOCONGZHEIGEJIAQIBU,POSHINIQUZUOCHENGGAODANGDESHOUSHIJIDEJIEMIAN,YEJIUSHISHUOYIDANGEJIEMIAN5KEJI,QIJIAZHIQUANBUCHAOGUO10WANYUANYISHANGYIGEJIEMIAN,NINENGKANDEDAOMA?NINENGXIANGXIANGMA?NIYOUZHEIZHONGDANSHIMA?YOUBAIWUBAISHAPIDESHITOU,SHIRENMENZUIXIHUANDEFEICUIDUSHIZHIYI,RENSHIWUZAIQIZHONGDEZUOYONG,RENSHIQIXINGCHENGDEGUILV,DUIDUSHICHENGGONGSHIJIQIZHONGYAODE。

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精准平特一肖论坛SI、【MAOSHUIXIANXIANGYUMAOSHUIFEICUI】

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上图是南京好友投得的带卯水影响的翡翠原石。浙大的一位朋友问了一个问题:油青种的翡翠究竟是原生的还是你次生的卯水作用的翡翠?有些翡翠带有黄翡色能否列入卯水的范畴?我的回答是油青种的翡翠有原生次生两种成因,原生的估计是以绿辉石矿物为标志的,而次生的是以绿泥石矿物作为标志的,矿物的存在状态也完全不同。黄翡的肯定不是卯水的范畴,因为卯水作用是还原条件下的。传统的油青种和蓝水种是翡翠种类的商业名称,是指那些颜色偏灰、偏暗、显蓝的绿色并具有一定透明度的翡翠,主要是含有绿辉石的原因,绿辉石岩或含绿辉石硬玉岩是主要的两个品种。绿辉石以富Fe,Mg,Ca等元素为特征,由于是由Fe2+致色而呈现灰绿色—蓝绿色,并且颜色偏暗,绿辉石可以以下几种形式存在于翡翠中:墨玉的主要矿物成分,墨玉是一种呈暗绿色—黑绿色的翡翠玉石,质地细腻,不透明—半透明,在强光下显暗绿色,主要矿物为绿辉石,可称为绿辉石玉,呈糜棱岩化细粒集合体穿插胶结早期的硬玉角砾,颜色为浅绿色—灰绿色,形成相对较晚,但构成翡翠的主要绿色部分,呈不规则团块状、脉状 构成飘蓝花翡翠的蓝花部分,显示暗绿色、蓝绿色,颜色相对较深,周围的硬玉常为白色,且“种”、“水”较好,颜色反差较大。卯水作用形成的翡翠,也是以那些颜色偏灰、偏暗、显蓝的绿色并具有一定透明度的翡翠为特征。由于充填于硬玉矿物微裂隙中的次生绿泥石等矿物一般较细小,且多为微晶质或隐晶质,不易被发现,甚至电子探针也常难以探测到其成分,使得次生绿泥石等往往被忽视,这可能是卯水作用形成的油青种、 蓝水种翡翠往往不易被人们所认识的原因之一。

MAOSHUIFEICUIYURANSEFEICUIDEQUBIE。MAOSHUIFEICUIZHONGDELVNISHIKUANGWUSHIYIWANGGEZHUANGDEXINGSHICUNZAIYUFEICUIYINGYUKELIDELIJIAN、LIEXIZHIZHONG,SHIHOUSHENG(CISHENG)XINGCHENG。ZAIJIANBIERANSEFEICUICHUOSHI,CHANGYIRANLIAOYANFEICUIKUANGWUJIANXI、LIEXICHENGSIWANGZHUANGFENBUWEIJIANBIETEZHENG。LINGWAI,YOUYUFEICUIDEYUANSHENGSEYURANLIAOZAISEDIAOSHANGZONGHUIYOUYIXIECHAYI,YINCIYIBANYOULIANGZHONGLVSEDIEJIADEFEICUICHANGBEIHUAIYIWEIRANSEFEICUI。MAOSHUIFEICUICISHENGSEBINGFEIFEICUIYUANSHENGKUANGWUDEYANSE,ERSHIYOUWAILAILVNISHIDENGWUZHIYANFEICUILIEXIDE“SHENLVJINRAN”SUOZHI,GAILVSEWUSEGEN,YEBIAOXIANCHUSIWANGZHUANGJIEGOU,YURANSEFEICUIDETEZHENGSHIFENXIANGSI,JIYIWURENWEISHIRANSEFEICUI。HENXIANRAN,MAOSHUICISHENGSEYURENGONGRANSEZAIXINGCHENGSHANGSHIFENXIANGSI,DOUSHIWAILAIYOUSEWUZHIYANFEICUIDEWEILIEXI“JINRAN”SUOZHI,ZHIBUGUOQIANZHESHITIANRANCHENGYIN,HOUZHESHIRENGONGDE。YINCIDUIMAOSHUIFEICUIDEYANSELAISHUO,KEWEISHIYIZHONG“TIANRANRANSE”ZUOYONG,ZAIMAOYIZHONGYINGSHUZHENGCHANGFANCHOU,ERBUNENGJIANGQIZUOWEIRENGONGRANSEKANDAI,ZHEIDIANZAIFEICUIDEJIANDINGZHONGYINGJIAYIZHONGSHIHEJIAYIQUBIE。

这是南京朋友的石头的另一半。翡翠B货是对翡翠进行强酸溶蚀处理后,使翡翠微裂隙中微细矿物溶解消失,再利用树脂等有机物质充填于翡翠微裂隙中。由于有机质的折射率与硬玉的折射率较为接近,从而掩盖了翡翠中的裂隙、间隙,使其对入射光线的反射与漫反射能力减弱,透射率增强,从而达到提高翡翠透明度和改善颜色的目的。同样,卯水作用也可使翡翠微裂隙中的矿物颗粒溶解消失,隐晶质绿泥石等物质沿裂隙及间隙的充填,也掩盖了裂隙和间隙,从而提高了翡翠的透明度。翡翠B货和卯水作用效果是相同的,只不过翡翠B货的微裂隙中充填的是有机成分,而卯水作用充填的则是隐晶质绿泥石等无机矿物质。这使我们想到在翡翠的B货制作中,不一定只利用有机物质对翡翠进行处理,也可以用无机物进行翡翠的处理,即利用无机矿物质对翡翠的微裂隙进行充填掩盖,从而达到优化的目的,这可能是翡翠B货制作中值得深入探索并可有可能创造巨大价值的新领域。若能对翡翠进行成功的无机处理,将从根本上解决翡翠B货因有机充填物易老化而使翡翠变黄、失去光泽和退色等问题,从而提高B货翡翠精准平特一肖论坛的使用价值和观赏价值,使翡翠这一不可再生资源能得以充分利用

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